Non-Surgical Therapy

General Information & Overview

In the early stages, periodontal disease responds quite favorably to nonsurgical periodontal therapy & is the first step taken to treat periodontal disease. Surgery is reserved for those situations when nonsurgical therapies have failed to achieve the desired clinical outcome of periodontal health and to repair damage to gum tissue and bone as a result of periodontal disease. With additional training in the diagnosis and management of periodontal disease, Dr. Acharya's specialized capabilities allow her to perform an accurate risk assessment and develop an appropriate plan for management of your periodontal condition.  Dr. Acharya follows the American Academy of Periodontology treatment guidelines which stress that periodontal health should be achieved in the least invasive and most cost-effective manner.

The primary cause of periodontal diseases is the body's inflammatory response to bacterial plaque.  The purpose of non-surgical periodontal therapy is to remove or eliminate the bacterial agents that cause inflammation: dental plaque, its toxins, and hardened dental plaque referred to as calculus or tartar.

By controlling the growth of harmful bacteria and by treating conditions that encourage gum disease, along with effective personal oral hygiene, the gum tissue is allowed to heal and reattach to the tooth. Four to six weeks later, periodontal pockets are notably reduced due to gum shrinkage (if the disease is in its earliest stage), then the patient can personally maintain these areas with routine brushing and flossing and other recommended homecare routines.

Even in most severe cases of periodontal disease, non-surgical periodontal therapy most often precedes surgical therapy. This is done so that the active periodontal infection is reduced and the overall tissue quality is improved prior to surgery. Non-surgical therapy may also limit the areas requiring surgery. Learn more about the non-surgical therapies we offer listed below.

Contributors To Periodontal Health & Risk For Recurrence:
  • Immune response
  • Genetic predisposition
  • Medical status
  • Continuation of tobacco use
Factors To Determine Your Follow-up Care:
  • Clinical signs of control of infection
  • Degree of residual pocket depth and bone loss
  • Effectiveness of bacterial plaque control
  • Individual susceptibility, immune system response
  • Health, medications, age and other risk factors including smoking, diet, and nutrition

Types of Non-Surgical Procedures